Monday, August 24, 2020
8 - Literature audit Example By tending to issues, for example, of neediness, microfinance and its effect on and sexual orientation/power relations and ladies' strengthening, this investigation will endeavor to write itself into more extensive talks and discussions concerning value and balance, gendered imbalances, power relations, ladies' monetary and social strengthening as they are affected by microfinance. Saudi Arabia is an undisguised, plainly obvious male centric express; this examination targets exploring the positive and negative ramifications microfinance bears on the Saudi female customers. By considering the activity Bab Rizq Jameel (BRJ)1, and looking at its hidden standards, levelheaded achievements and objectives, this investigation expects to analyze its consequences for power relations, dynamic and bartering power in the family. This contextual investigation of microfinance in the realm of Saudi Arabia tries to unfurl a significant and lacking measurement to the present discussions encompassing sexual orientation and improvement in creating nations especially according to discusses encompassing sex equality2 versus ... There have been nonstop discussions on whether microfinance can be considered as a rescuer to neediness stricken ladies from mistreatment and gendered disparities or in the case of approaching smaller scale money related assets can enable ladies monetarily and socially. Ã¢â¬ËStudies by and large recommend the least fortunate only from time to time profit by microcredit, while the center and upper poor advantage the most (Maclsaac, 1997). This doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t apply to the case in Saudi Arabia in light of the fact that the BRJ conspire is a foundation based methodology that is ShariÃ¢â¬â¢aa consistent (offering sans interest advances). There is a discussion between whether microfinance can help advance sexual orientation uniformity versus sexual orientation value. (See references 2 and 3 for the distinction) For the situation of Saudi Arabia, sexual orientation fairness would be an ideological situation, given the strict, social and conventional system in which there ruined ladies w ork. Sex value is a greater amount of an achievable objective in this unique situation. Besides, there are warmed discussions encompassing the issue of microfinance being respected an instrument to encourage womenÃ¢â¬â¢s strengthening. An ongoing report in Bangladesh inferred that microfinance strategically, Ã¢â¬Ëdoes not legitimately challenge any official perspectives that oppress ladies, nor that any hard proof was found to demonstrate that microcredit credit advances strengthening or supports womenÃ¢â¬â¢s freedom Ã¢â¬â¢ (Faraizi et al., 2011). This investigation is especially valuable to this examination on the grounds that from multiple points of view Saudi Arabia imparts shared traits to the strict structure in Bangladesh; where Islamists in high places of intensity formally buy in to inconsistent rights for ladies. Whereby, any differentiating, dissimilar voices against the man centric predominant voice are hushed. (Faraizi et al., 2011) In the realm of
Saturday, August 22, 2020
BEST PRACTICE Everyone realizes that being reasonable costs nearly nothing and pays off abundantly. At that point for what reason do not many administrators figure out how to act genuinely, despite the fact that most need to? Why ItÃ¢â¬â¢s So Hard to Be Fair by Joel Brockner W hen Company A needed to downsize,it went through impressive measures of cash giving a security net to its laid-off specialists. The severance bundle comprised of numerous long stretches of pay, broad outplacement advising, and the continuation of medical coverage for as long as one year. In any case, ranking directors never disclosed to their staff why these cutbacks were important or how they picked which occupations to eliminate.WhatÃ¢â¬â¢s more, the midlevel line supervisors who conveyed the news to fired representatives did so clumsily, muttering a couple of spur of the moment words about Ã¢â¬Å"not needing to do thisÃ¢â¬ and afterward giving them off to the HR office. Indeed, even the individuals wh o kept their employments were not exactly excited about the status quo took care of. A significant number of them heard the news while driving home on Friday and needed to hold up until Monday to discover that their employments were secure. After nine months, the organization proceeded to sputter.Not just did it need to ingest colossal lawful costs protecting against unfair end suits, however it likewise needed to make another round of cutbacks, in enormous part since worker profitability and resolve dove after the ? rst round was misused. At the point when Company B scaled back, conversely, it didnÃ¢â¬â¢t offer almost as liberal a severance bundle. However, ranking directors there clarified the key motivation behind the cutbacks on various occasions before they were actualized, and officials and center supervisors the same made themselves accessible to address questions and express lament both to the individuals who lost their positions and to the individuals who remained.Line ch iefs worked with HR to tell individuals that their occupations were being killed, and they exharvard business survey 122 squeezed certifiable concern at the same time. Accordingly, for all intents and purposes none of the laid-off workers ? driven an improper end claim. Laborers set aside some effort to conform to the loss of their previous partners, however they comprehended why the cutbacks had occurred. Furthermore, inside nine months, Company BÃ¢â¬â¢s execution was better than it had been before the cutbacks occurred.Although Company A went through considerably more cash during its rebuilding, Company B displayed a lot more noteworthy procedure reasonableness. At the end of the day, representatives at Company B accepted that they had been dealt with evenhandedly. From limiting expenses to reinforcing execution, process decency delivers colossal profits in a wide assortment of authoritative and individuals related difficulties. Studies show that when administrators practice pro cess reasonableness, their workers walk 2006 react in manners that reinforce the organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s main concern both straightforwardly and indirectly.Process decency is bound to produce support for another technique, for example, and to encourage a culture that advances development. WhatÃ¢â¬â¢s more, it costs little ? nancially to actualize. To put it plainly, reasonable procedure bodes well. So why donÃ¢â¬â¢t more organizations practice it reliably? This article looks at that mystery and offers guidance on the most proficient method to advance more prominent procedure decency in your association. The Business Case for Fair Process Ultimately, every representative chooses for oneself whether a choice has been made fairly.But extensively, there are three drivers of procedure reasonableness. One is what amount of info workers accept they have in the dynamic procedure: Are their feelings mentioned and given genuine thought? Another is how representatives accept choices are made and actualized: Are they reliable? Is it accurate to say that they depend on precise data? Could botches be amended? Are the individual inclinations of the leader limited? Is sufficient notification ahead of time given? Is the choice procedure straightforward? The third factor is how chiefs carry on: Do they clarify why a choice was made?Do they treat representatives consciously, effectively tuning in to their interests and identifying with their perspectives? ItÃ¢â¬â¢s significant that procedure reasonableness is unmistakable from result decency, which alludes to employeesÃ¢â¬â¢ decisions of the primary concern consequences of their trades with their bosses. Procedure reasonableness doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t guarantee that workers will consistently get what they need; yet it does 123 OLEG DERGACHOV B E S T P R A C T I C E Ã¢â¬ ¢ W h y I tÃ¢â¬â¢s S o H a rd t o B e Fa I r imply that they will get an opportunity to be heard.Take the instance of a person who was disregarded for an advanc ement. In the event that he accepts that the picked competitor was quali? ed, and if his supervisor has had a sincere conversation with him about how he can be more ready for the following chance, odds are heÃ¢â¬â¢ll be much more gainful and drew in than if he accepts the individual who landed the position was the bossÃ¢â¬â¢s pet, or in the event that he got no direction on the best way to push ahead. At the point when individuals feel hurt by their organizations, they will in general fight back. What's more, when they do, it can have grave consequences.A investigation of almost 1,000 individuals in the mid-1990s, drove by DukeÃ¢â¬â¢s Allan Lind and Ohio StateÃ¢â¬â¢s Jerald Greenberg, found that a significant determinant of whether representatives sue for unjust end is their impression of how decently the end procedure was completed. Just 1% of ex-workers who felt that they were treated with a high level of procedure reasonableness ? driven an unfair end claim versus 17% of the individuals who accepted they were treated with a low level of procedure reasonableness. To place that in financial terms, the normal cost reserve funds of rehearsing process decency is $1. 8 million for each 100 workers excused. That ? gureÃ¢â¬which was determined utilizing the 1988 pace of $80,000 as the expense of legitimate resistance Ã¢â¬ is a preservationist gauge, since in? ation alone has made lawful charges swell to more than $120,000 today. In this way, in spite of the fact that we canÃ¢â¬â¢t compute the exact ? nancial cost of rehearsing reasonable procedure, itÃ¢â¬â¢s safe to state that communicating certified concern and treating excused workers with poise is significantly more moderate than not doing as such. Clients, as well, are less inclined to ? le suit against a specialist organization on the off chance that they accept theyÃ¢â¬â¢ve been treated with process fairness.In 1997, clinical analyst Wendy Levinson and her partners found that patients ordinari ly don't sue their primary care physicians for misbehavior just Joel Brockner ([emailÃ¢ protected] edu) is the Phillip Hettleman Professor of Business at Columbia Business School in New York. 124 in light of the fact that they accept that they got poor clinical consideration. An additionally telling variable is whether the specialist set aside the effort to clarify the treatment plan and to address the patientÃ¢â¬â¢s inquiries with thought Ã¢â¬ to put it plainly, to treat patients with process fairness.Doctors who neglect to do so are unmistakably bound to be hit with negligence suits when issues emerge. Notwithstanding lessening lawful costs, reasonable procedure eliminates worker robbery and turnover. An examination by the executives and HR educator Greenberg analyzed how pay cuts were Using process decency, organizations could go through much less cash and still have more satis? ed workers. taken care of at two assembling plants. At one, a VP considered a gathering toward the finish of the week's worth of work and reported that the organization would actualize a 15% compensation cut, in all cases, for ten weeks.He very brie? y clarified why, expressed gratitude toward workers, and responded to a couple of inquiries Ã¢â¬ the entire thing was over in a short time. The other plant executed an indistinguishable compensation cut, however the organization president made the declaration to the representatives. He disclosed to them that other cost-sparing alternatives, similar to cutbacks, had been thought of yet that the compensation slices appeared to be the least unpalatable decision. The president took 90 minutes to address employeesÃ¢â¬â¢ questions and concerns, and he over and again communicated lament about taking this step.Greenberg found that during the ten-week time frame, worker burglary was almost 80% lower at the second plant than at the ? rst, and representatives were multiple times less inclined to leave. Numerous officials go to cash ? rst to take care of issues. In any case, my exploration shows that organizations can lessen ex-penses by routinely rehearsing process reasonableness. Consider it: Asking representatives for their sentiments on another activity or disclosing to somebody why youÃ¢â¬â¢re giving a decision task to her partner doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t cost a lot of cash. Obviously, organizations should keep on offering unmistakable help to workers as well.Using process decency, be that as it may, organizations could go through much less cash and still have more satis? ed workers. Consider the ? nancial aftermath that happens when ostracizes leave their abroad assignments rashly. Standard way of thinking says that expats are bound to leave early when they or their relatives donÃ¢â¬â¢t modify well to their new day to day environments. So organizations regularly go to extraordinary cost to encourage their alteration Ã¢â¬ taking care of the check for lodging costs, childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s tutoring, and the like.In a 2000 inve stigation of 128 exiles, HR specialist Ron Garonzik, Rutgers Business School teacher Phyllis Siegel, and I found that the expatsÃ¢â¬â¢ acclimation to different parts of their lives outside work had no impact on their expectations to leave rashly on the off chance that they accepted that their supervisors by and large treated them reasonably. As such, high procedure reasonableness prompted expats to stay with an abroad task in any event, when they were not especially excited with living abroad. In a comparative vein, a few organizations have conceived costly answers for assist representatives with adapting to the pressure of present day work.TheyÃ¢â¬â¢ve set up nearby day care focuses and supported pressure the board workshops to help lessen non-appearance and burnout. Those endeavors are praiseworthy, however process decency is additionally a compelling procedure. When Phyllis Siegel and I overviewed about 300 workers from many o
Friday, July 24, 2020
The cultural belief of hegemonic masculinity essay What is hegemonic masculinity? Hegemonic masculinity makes men as superior human and sees women as submissive and weak objects that should live according as the man says. According to the male dominance, they always should subordinate and contribute the womens position because women are not so great, perfect and brave as men. The theory of hegemonic masculinity was reviewed by many sociologists and scientists during all periods. Hegemony is a total winning and holding of power over other social groups. Masculinity sets men as the highest class of society and maintains their domination over women. Men are considered to have hegemonic masculinity if they exhibit the features of traditional masculinity. There is a certain set of qualities that a man should have, such as power, dominance, heterosexuality, leadership, rationality, control of their emotions. The traditional masculinity harms gender equality and sets men higher and much more important than women. Masculinity definition by various sociologists If to trace back to the Middle Ages, the philosopher Aristotle from Greece assumed that masculinity is equal to the rationality and strength of men, when women are marked by such things as emotions, sexuality and their bodies. The Australian sociologist R.W. Connell says that masculinity doesnt exist as an unchanged and single form. Connell presumes that a man of the modern society shouldnt have the qualities that considered masculine. She also insists that homosexuality is also a form of masculinity, despite on those facts that a lot of people define homosexuality as the opposite thing to the masculinity. Thanks to the Connells theory, people could study the history of masculinity. Her work showed that masculinity is a concept that can change. David Iacuone in his book âReal Men and Tough Guysâ (2005) views masculinity as a blueprint that defines the real mans behavior and describes qualities he must have. According to Iacuone, hegemonic masculinity defines women as an object, gives them mostly domestic duties and notes their value for men only as sexual objects. But some men groups try to avoid hegemonic masculine culture, mostly when they want to improve their women welfare and try to change the traditional relations where patriarchy is dominating. Sociologists Michael S. Kimmel and Amy Aronson (2008) made a pattern of a real man; they defined him as a young, heterosexual, white, married, urban, with college education, employed, and with defined weight and height. They assumed that any man who doesnt fit this pattern, should be defined as unworthy. Ross Haenfler (2006) defines advantages and disadvantages of masculinity. He says this concept has got good benefits to set men higher than women but in the same way they should pay price for this with shorter life, lack of emotions in relationship and poor health. Haenfler noticed that men who lose control over relationship and work, become strict in self-control. They start to control thoroughly their sexual appetites, personal lives, and fitness because of the crisis, and as a result, try to avoid womens influence. According to Haenfler theory, since late 19th century, the base of masculinity was broken and modern men dont understand how to be a man. The traditional male role of breadwinner was destabilized a lot and taken by women, and apart from this, feminists make a challenge to men with changing gender inequality. Other critics and scientists who made researches on hegemonic masculinity says that the definition of this concept do not reflect the actual life of men, so the entire theory gives an imprecise report about male identities in society. Due to increasing and development of industrialization in our world, hegemonic masculinity started to lose its real meaning in modern society. Nowadays, a lot of women take leadership positions at work and assume the main role of breadwinners because a lot of young men try to avoid responsibilities that are dictated by masculinity. In our society women work as hard as men, and there are no differences between genders in this sense. Earlier women should mostly listen to their men, sit at home, raise children. Modern world totally changed this view with active position of feminization that lead to the current situation when gender is equal.
Friday, May 22, 2020
HARASSMENT IN THE WORKPLACE PREPARED FOR: MR.RICH KESTER INSTRUCTOR AT FOX VALLEY TECH PREPARED BY: ELIZABETH LUEBKE STUDENT AT FOX VALLEY TECH APRIL7, 2015 WRITTEN COMMUNICATION CLASS April 3,2015 Elizabeth S Luebke 519 Washington Ave Neenah, WI 54956 Dear Mr. Rich Kester: This letter sheds light on one of the biggest problems people face in the workplace today. I believe you will find based on my research, that there is a need for awareness of this problem and we need to show individuals there is a way to resolve it. Ã¢â¬ ¢ This report will show you why harassment is such a big problem in the workplace Ã¢â¬ ¢ Current statistics on whoÃ¢â¬â¢s affected and which professions it occurs most frequently Ã¢â¬ ¢ What solutions there are to this problem and what we can do to draw awareness Primary research consisted of statistics I obtained from 2014 WBI national workplace survey taken by 1000 adults in the United States. Secondary Sources included books, and online resources. The results of my research, to be discussed more in depth in my report, reveal a startling truth that we need too bring awareness to that is harassment does exist in the workplace. I would be happy to go over this report and its conclusions with you at your convenience. This assignment was really rewarding to research and write and opened my eyes to a problem that in the workplace that needs to end. Sincerely, Elizabeth S Luebke Student Fox Valley Tech ESL TABLE OF CONTENTS EXECUTIVEShow MoreRelatedAmerican Civil Rights Movement Essay15820 Words Ã |Ã 64 Pagestopics of wealth, power and human passions. United Artists studio did not shoot its own films, but provided the here of independent producers films. Warner Brothers studio was not very reach, but shot popular gangster films and musicals. XX Century Fox shot musicals and historic films. Universal studio did not have equals during the era of silent cinema, but when talking cinema appeared they had to begin shooting of cheap films, mainly horror films. The Studio years 1930 - 1955. 7500. A needRead MoreHuman Resources Management150900 Words Ã |Ã 604 Pagesmanagers in organizations ensuring that compliance with HR-related laws and regulations occurs. Just to name a few, consider the following areas that must be managed daily by HR staff members. Ã¢â" Ã¢â" Ã¢â" Ã¢â" LOGGING ON . . . 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Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words Ã |Ã 1573 PagesFormal Power 414 Ã¢â¬ ¢ Personal Power 415 Ã¢â¬ ¢ Which Bases of Power Are Most Effective? 416 Ã¢â¬ ¢ Power and Perceived Justice 416 Dependence: The Key to Power 416 The General Dependence Postulate 416 Ã¢â¬ ¢ What Creates Dependence? 417 Power Tactics 418 Sexual Harassment: Unequal Power in the Workplace 421 Politics: Power in Action 424 Definition of Organizational Politics 424 Ã¢â¬ ¢ The Reality of Politics 424 Causes and Consequences of Political Behavior 426 Factors Contributing to Political Behavior 426 Ã¢â¬ ¢ How Do PeopleRead MoreInternational Management67196 Words Ã |Ã 269 Pagesform of value exchange or specie, thus eliminating complicated barter transactions. Middle Eastern Intercontinental Trade In ancient Egypt, the KingÃ¢â¬â¢s Highway or Royal Road stretched across the Sinai into Jordan and Syria and into the Euphrates Valley. These early merchants practiced their trade following one of the earliest codes of commercial integrity: Do not move the scales, do not change the weights, and do not diminish parts of the bushel. Land bridges later extended to the Phoenicians, theRead MoreStrategic Human Resource Management View.Pdf Uploaded Successfully133347 Words Ã |Ã 534 Pagespolicies tend to reduce employee turnover. When employees can transfer, they have the opportunity to leave problem situations and are less likely to leave the organization. In addition, effective management of diversity and prevention of sexual harassment tend to increase retention.63 Marriott International, another of FortuneÃ¢â¬â¢s top 100 employers, has a workforce consisting of more then 50 percent minorities. The company has an excellent reputation for training and advancement opportunities and hasRead MoreProject Mgmt296381 Words Ã |Ã 1186 Pagesproject management is the shortening of the product life cycle. For example, today in high-tech Chapter 1 Modern Project Management 11 industries the product life cycle is averaging 1 to 3 years. Only 30 years ago, life cycles of 10 to 15 years were not uncommon. Time to market for new products with short life cycles has become increasingly important. A common rule of thumb in the world of high-tech product development is that a six-month project delay can result in a 33 percent loss in
Thursday, May 7, 2020
During the Reconstruction Era, Congress passed many laws to provide equal rights to people of color. But at the local level, specifically in the South, many Democrats took the law into their own hands. They supported the Ku Klux Klan (KKK) hoping to restore the pre-Civil War social hierarchy. The texts in Going to the Source illustrates two groups of individuals who opposed the KKK. In testimonies given by white witnesses, Republicans from the North felt the KKK posed a political and social danger in the South, but did not feel intimidated. The testimonies given by black witnesses were people who had experience of the KlanÃ¢â¬â¢s violence, and felt their lives were threatened. The KlanÃ¢â¬â¢s attacks on whites were more inclined towards social harassment, while their attacks on blacks, which consisted of voting intimidation and night rides, were violent and abusive because the KKKÃ¢â¬â¢s main goal was white supremacy. After the Civil War, many white Republicans from the North moved down South in order to develop more economic opportunities. But this meant that white Republicans brought their own political beliefs. For example, many Northerners that moved down South encouraged economic developments models such as a free labor market. According to David Hardin, a post-Civil War historian, Northerners Ã¢â¬Å"play a central role in shaping new southern governments during ReconstructionÃ¢â¬ (18). The KKK viewed these white Northerners as moral threat to their political views, so they Ã¢â¬Å"would writeShow MoreRelatedThe Reconstruction Era During The Civil War1370 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe Reconstruction Era beginning in 1865 marked the period where white men and recently freed African Americans quarreled over the concept of equality on the basis of race as well as where freedom extended to. After the Civil War, there was a power struggle between the Republican and Democratic parties as they had ex tremely distinct ideas on whether African Americans should be free and hold citizen rights. African Americans were able to achieve citizenship as well as have equality through the 14thRead MoreThe Reconstruction Era During The Civil War910 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagessports, and many other things. The Reconstruction Era took place after the end of the Civil War. It lasted from 1965 to 1977. It was the NorthÃ¢â¬â¢s way of making peace with not only former slaves, but the South as well. The Reconstruction Era attempted to better the lives of African Americans by making advancements in education and religion. The 15th Amendment gave African Americans the right to vote. 105 African American colleges were created after the Civil War. While life was progressively gettingRead MoreThe Era Of Reconstruction During The Civil War1630 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageswhich was imposed by the white people. This contradiction is emblematic of the African-American experience. The era of reconstruction was a short-term success, a medium-term failure, and a foundation for the long-term successes of the civil rights movement in terms of black freedom. The era of reconstruction exposed the radical limits of freedom for natural born citizens in the post-civil war United States. The idea of freedom changed in a tremendous way for the blacks. I would like to begin byRead MoreThe Era Of Reconstruction During The Civil War1275 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe Era of Reconstruction started in 1855. After the Civil war ended the South was left in shambles. Southern states were left in economic and politic distress and faced renewed social issues. The objective of Reconstruction in the South was to restore the South economically, award freed African Americans the rights to be equal citizens in the eyes of the law, and repair the breakage in the Union. Though the people worked to restore the South they were unable to get over the differences and realitiesRead MoreBenefits Of Reconstruction Era During The Civil War Essay2309 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pagesthe start of the reconstruction era. African American had also gained a voice in government for the first time in American history. These were just some of the many benefits of reconstruction era. The reconstruction era is a period after the civil war had ended which is the new and improved United States. The civil war was a conflict between the North and the South because of economic differences, social and political, but most importantly Slavery was the main cause of this war. Slavery is aRead MoreCongressional Era Of Reconstruction During Post Civil War Reconstruction2634 Words Ã |Ã 11 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"Failure is simply an opportunity to begin again, this time more intelligently.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬âHenry Ford. This was the Southern optimistÃ¢â¬â¢s view of what the results of post Civil War Reconstruction could be. Unfortunately, once the Congressional era of Reconstruction began, this view was squandered under federal punishment of the South. This policy led to strained relations between Congress and the ex-Confederate states. The difference of opinion was over how harshly the South should be punished for leaving theRead MoreThe Civil War Was A Grave Cause Of Many Events. Many People1663 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe civil war was a grave cause of many events. Many people may see the results of the war as a chain reaction to many following eras. One of the most prominent eras that emerged from the civil war was the reconstruction era. The reconstruction era emerged around 1865 and continued until 1877. This time period generally refers to the time in United States history in which the federal government set the conditions that would allow the rebellious Southern states ba ck into the Union. The States wereRead MoreHow Did The Radical Republican s Rise For The Failure Of The Post Civil War Reconstruction?1619 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesfailure of the post-civil war reconstruction? The time between 1863, when Lincoln passed the ten percent act, until the year 1877, when reconstruction was officially ended, will be evaluated with information provided by the sources. The investigation will specifically look to how the Lincoln assassination allowed for the rise in the Radical Republican Party from 1866 to 1868 and the partyÃ¢â¬â¢s effect on reconstruction acts leading to the failure of the post-civil war reconstruction era. Eric FonerÃ¢â¬â¢s novelRead MoreThe End Of The Reconstruction1318 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages1860Ã¢â¬â¢s there was an Era that started called the reconstruction. The main purpose for the reconstruction was to give African-American people full political and civil equality. However, it was very tough to do this, especially since most white in the south didnÃ¢â¬â¢t want the African-Americans to have the same rights as themselves. During this Era there were multiple good things that happened, yet, there were also many bad things that happened. For instance, during the reconstruction the 14th amendmentRead MoreThe Reconstruction Era And The Jim Crow Era1525 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe Reconstruction Era and The Jim Crow Era were both times of Rapid growth in the United States that were characterized by changes not only on the intrapersonal level, but also on the cultural and legislative level. The Reconstruction Era occurred directly after the civil war and spanned twelve years from 1865 t o 1877 , while the Jim Crow Era occurred from 1877 to 1954. Some of the common themes of these eras were race relations and tension between northern states and southern states. The first
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
In 1891, Shaw writes The Quintessence of Ibsenism after seeing IbsenÃ¢â¬â¢s A Doll House two years before. It is a criticism that tells us about Shaw more than Ibsen. In his book he talks about many aspects: the realist and idealist, that idealist wears mask and avoid the truth and reality whereas the realist faces it, and the human behaviors should justify itself by its effect on life; no one is villain and no one is hero because in reality, as Shaw sees, there is no complete man to be hero. We will write a custom essay sample on Bernard ShawÃ¢â¬â¢s Contribution to Realism or any similar topic only for you Order Now From this, it arrived to us his theory that there is no villain or hero because it is a matter of affection of life on an individual. We see in WidowersÃ¢â¬â¢ Houses, a character rents a slum houses to poor people, he makes use of them, and here we see the real characters as human being away from the romantic conventions. Also, in The Philanderer, it tackles social problems through witty comedy. Another theory in the book, he talks about the idea Unwomanly Woman who rejects the idealism of womanliness that is capable working for her future and to be independent.As we see in Mrs. WarrenÃ¢â¬â¢s Profession, when Vive refuses to act in a traditional feminine manner, always speaking her mind and demanding that others treat her as an individual who can work for her future and take her decision. The three plays I mentioned are categorized as Ã¢â¬Å"Plays UnpleasantÃ¢â¬ because it forces the spectator to face unpleasant facts, and it is not to entertain them but to raise the awareness of social problems there.As a result Shaw answered them with Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬Å"I do not hesitate to say that many of my critics have bee n completely beaten by the play simply because they are ignorant of society. Ã¢â¬ Shaw scorned the Ã¢â¬Å"well-made playÃ¢â¬ thinking that a play should grow out of the imagination not by plans and specifications. And although they play has no certain technique to follow, as Shaw believes, it must be didactic and to teach because it can be more real. He introduces the problem plays as part of the realism exposing many social ill and problems.As he continues his theory, he attacks the traditional Victorian acting, and he sees the need of new school of acting to teach actors how to be Ã¢â¬Å"plasticÃ¢â¬ that can act in any style and not to be dominated to sentimental roles. Because of his bad experience with censorship about his previous Ã¢â¬Å"Plays UnpleasantÃ¢â¬ , he should find a way to publish his plays and at the same time satisfying them. So, he tries to lower their defense by making them laugh through the method of clown and absurdist.As a result, he called his next plays as Ã¢â¬Å"Plays Pleasant,Ã¢â¬ and to not to be as his previous one, he uses the burlesque form to disguise its themes. Although at first he doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t like the well-made play, but in Arms and Man, he used it and exploited it to achieve his aim. Moreover, he discovers his style in Italian opera, and he thinks it is more enchantment than drama, besides his drama by mixing the satirical burlesque of Gilbert and the wit of Wild with his operatic style. Styan, J. L. Modern Drama in Theory and Practice: Realism and naturalism. United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press, 1983. How to cite Bernard ShawÃ¢â¬â¢s Contribution to Realism, Papers
Monday, April 27, 2020
Internet In Business World The history of the Internet traces its roots to the United States government. The original use of the information system was to maintain communication during the cold war, with the Soviet Union in 1969, by the Department of Defense, incase of a nuclear attack or a major catastrophe. The National Science foundation created the Internet based on the ARPAnet. The first mass connection was between the University of California Santa Barbara, Stanford Research Institute, the University of Utah and the University of California Los Angeles.Ray Tomlinson develops E-mail in 1972.The ARPAnet became obsolete in 1982, but the basis for the program is still used at the present time. The Web began in 1989;it wasn't released to the world till the early 90's that's when it became the World Wide Web. In 1993 Marc Andressen created software for the Internet to publish text, images and sound. Andressen also introduced the first graphical Web browser, called Mosaic, still in use today. The United States runs most of the access to the Internet with 62% of all the routers, next closest is the United Kingdom with 5.2%. That is just an example of what America controls much on the Internet. 70% of the writing on the Internet is in English, next is Japanese. Statistics say 1 in 3 people use the Internet for E- Mail, 1 in 6 use it because they want to find out how it works, 1 in 8 want business information and 1 in 2 go to the Internet for education, hobbies, job listings, and entertainment. In 1993 less than 1% of users paid for use of the Internet. By 1995, it rose to over 200% due to the profits companies made from the providing this service. This became a common change that businesses have made since the beginning of the information highway. It was then clear that the Internet wasn't going anywhere anytime soon. This stared a trend, which is still being felt today and into the near future. Because of the demand for the Internet around the World, and the amount of capital a business could make that provides this service, is astounding, a good example of this is Cisco, a once Silicon Valley based business, which is now a Internet technology provider, reaped in $10 billion in 1986 without an IPO (initial public offering), and this is 14 years before the Internet became what it is today. In 1999 they became the third company in history to surpass $300 billion in market capitalization, second is Microsoft, and first is General Electric. Out of 150 million people who have access to the Internet 80 million of them are looking for opportunities to make a profit on the Internet. The entrepreneurs, small business owners, and large corporations are changing the Internet. Some of the information that use to be free is now being held for a price to subscribe to a companies web site. This is mainly because of the money involved in the E-commerce businesses and the amount of information acquired everyday in the use of the Internet, whether it's a question about a service or a complaint about a product. Internet based businesses have went from poor to rich overnight, this is the reason most people are in search of the goldmine of answers and money the Internet provides to the public through business on the Internet. Internet based businesses have went from poor to rich overnight and have a market full of consumers that are financially stable and are in demand of services and information from the Internet, this is the reason most businesses are in search of the goldmine the Internet provides. I.The three main reasons for people using the Internet. A. Communication 1.lower long distance charges than the telephone 2.technology being developed to make long distance phone calls free 3.E-mail 4.less expensive than postage stamps and paper 5.is less time consuming 6.availbe 24 hours a day 7 days a week 7.unlimited boundaries B. Business 1.80 million out of 150 million are on Internet for business opportunities 2. No geographic boundaries 3.access to more consumers 4.150 businesses join the Internet every day 5. Open 24 hours a day 6. Less labor force needed 7.able to answer question 24 hours a day 8.a bigger and cheaper way to advertise C. Education 1.more than 51% of instructional rooms had Internet access in 1998. 2.Classes and Seminars over Internet can be taken 3.virtualy all schools in the US are connected to the Internet and hookups in classrooms have increased 20 fold-since
Thursday, March 19, 2020
The focus must shift from climate change to poverty reduction in order to make tourism in developing countries more sustainable. Critically evaluate this statement. The WritePass Journal
The focus must shift from climate change to poverty reduction in order to make tourism in developing countries more sustainable. Critically evaluate this statement. Abstract The focus must shift from climate change to poverty reduction in order to make tourism in developing countries more sustainable. Critically evaluate this statement. AbstractIntroductionClimate Change and SustainabilityPoverty Reduction and SustainabilitySustainability in Developing Countries: The IntersectionConclusionReferencesRelated Abstract The creation of a sustainable tourism industry in a developing country will necessarily have an important impact on the economic and social development of that country because of the ability of the sector to attract capital to the country. In economies where there is little diversification, this is an important consequence. Poverty reduction strategies as the focus of creating a sustainable tourism sector will have important consequences for the industry as a whole. Included in these consequences are the realization of certain objectives related to climate control which has been the focus of sustainable tourism efforts in the recent past. It stands to reason therefore that a shift in emphasis towards poverty reduction strategies enforced by important policy developments will have a broader social and economic impact, which includes the achievement of environmental objectives and climate change concerns. The shift in focus therefore towards poverty reduction is more desirable as a str ategy for sustainable tourism in developing countries as it recognizes the spectrum of issues plaguing these countries, rather than focusing on one aspect thereof. Introduction Sustainability as a goal of tourism is a complicated question and as to goal of tourism in developing countries, one needs to understand the broader social, economic and political circumstances relevant to country itself in terms of broader tourism considerations. Mvula (2001; p. 394) suggests that sustainable tourism Ã¢â¬Å"requires that the local host population achieves rising standards of living and that the tourist guests are satisfied with the product and either return to the area or recommend it to others.Ã¢â¬ Included in this definition of sustainability, Mvula (2001) adds that this requires conservation of wildlife and the local environment. One can observe therefore that sustainability in tourism requires more than simply focusing on either climate change or poverty reduction. It is therefore the assertion of this paper that the focus of tourism in developing countries is one which does not necessarily focus on climate change or poverty reduction to the exclusion of the other, and that these two strategies are mutually reinforcing, rather than exclusive and in order to ensure sustainability in developing countries, both strategies will need to be employed as they in effect rely on one another. It stands to reason however that a shift in poverty reduction as the focus of sustainability in tourism will have the effect of ensuring that climate change objectives are met. The essential element of a shift towards poverty reduction will be the inclusion of policy objectives which implement these strategies. As will be argued, the achievement of climate change objectives may be achieved as a byproduct of implementation of poverty reduction strategies and therefore a shift in focus may have the result of achieving this objective where previous attempts have failed. Climate Change and Sustainability Ashley et al. (2000) note that the increased awareness in eco-tourism and community tourism arose in the 1980Ã¢â¬â¢s from an awareness that tourism should not erode the cultural and environmental base on which it relies. This arguably is another way of recognizing that tourism efforts should make sustainable, rather than exhaustible use of a countryÃ¢â¬â¢s resources. Becken and Hay (2007) describe the climate for the purposes of tourism as both a resource and an essential ingredient in the product offering of a destination. Indeed, the tourism industry of a destination may be inextricably linked to the climate conditions of that area, such as skiing destinations. Climate change therefore may threaten the sustainability of the region by causing extreme and unpredictable variations in the expected weather patterns, causing potentially harmful consequences, such as hurricanes and floods. Not only does this threaten the sustainability of the local tourism industry, but also damages t ourism infrastructure (Becken Hay, 2007). One can observe therefore the link between climate change and sustainability, as climate change will threaten the sustainability of the tourism industry. Understanding the link between climate change and sustainability allows a tourism sector in a developing country to adapt to the challenges presented by the issue. The problem however lies in the fact that the industry is plagued with an Ã¢â¬Ëimmobility problemÃ¢â¬â¢ where the tourists will simply move to another destination, as a result of relative inability of a local tourism industry to adapt to these climate changes (Aall Hoyer, 2005). Becken and Hay (2007) note this dilemma by stating that the problems associated with climate control are external to the tourism industry of a place as there is little that a country can do to mitigate changes in the climate. Indeed, the focus of climate change with regards to sustainability is on the socio-economic consequences thereof and the relative inability of developing countries to understand the variables associated with climate change allowing them to adapt tourism operations accordingly (Weaver, 2011). Despite these difficulties, th e focus of sustainable tourism on climate change is arguably essential for what can be described as a broader sustainability dilemma. Simply stated, this recognizes that climate change is a matter of significant international concern which is not going to disappear at any point (Scott, 2011). The inclusion of climate change objectives in sustainable tourism therefore should be recognized as an inclusion for a broader societal purpose which is equally relevant to developing countries. Climate change therefore in tourism reflects the need for conservation efforts protecting the local environment and biodiversity, as well as using sustainable techniques which will reduce climate change factors, such as green house gases (McKercher et al., 2010; Becken Hay, 2007) Poverty Reduction and Sustainability With climate change being the focus of sustainable tourism in the 1980s (Ashley et al., 2000), one could argue that poverty reduction or Pro Poor Tourism (Ã¢â¬ËPPTÃ¢â¬â¢) has become the focus of sustainable tourism in the 2000s (Hall, 2007). PPT is that which generates a net benefit for the poor regardless of sector or product. The benefits of PPT may be economic, social, cultural or environmental, and rather than relating to a specific benefit to a class of persons, it refers to an overall benefit that is the result of the priority given to poverty issues (Ashley Roe, 2002). Poverty reduction through sustainable tourism recognizes the use of tourism as a means for economic development. PPT refers to the relationship between poverty reduction strategies and tourism development in developing countries (Hall, 2007). There are a number of important economic consequences of the implementation of PPT strategies for poverty reduction, chief of which being the capacity of economic development and the ability of the industry to diversify the economy (Goodwin Roe, 2001). This relates in part to the development of employment opportunities and opportunities for small enterprise development in order to support the local tourism industry. In developing countries, singularities in the economy are often seen and therefore the opportunity to create employment outside of this is an important consequence. Ashley and Roe (2002) recognize three categories of PPT strategies, which includes increasing access of economic benefits to the poor through expanding business opportunities, in terms of employment, training and income; addressing the negative social and environmental impacts of tourism; and using policy objectives as a measure of ensuring sustainability of these objectives. One can observe therefore that the shift in focus towards poverty reduction for the purposes of sustainability does not necessarily exclude priority given to climate change objectives. Indeed, environmental objectives which have been set as a priority in terms of international environmental protocols are often observed as a byproduct of PPT objectives (Sheyvens, 2011) These considerations are particularly relevant in the context of developing countries as often there are political and economic difficulties which prevent the effective implementation of poverty reduction strategies that have typically been used in other regions (Sheyvens, 2007). Often the political and economic factors of developing countries include the monopoly over certain economic activities (such as mineral extraction and agriculture) and with the introduction of these strategies through the tourism industry, arguably policy objectives are realizing a realistic possibility for the achievement of poverty reduction. It does so by offering opportunities for sustainable growth (Manyara Jones, 2007), although it is generally acknowledged that this depends on effective marketplace value, quality of the product developed and establishing meaningful partnerships between the public and private sector, and the community (WTO, 2002). The adoption of these strategies however is also large ly dependent on the implementation of effective policy measures which will ensure that this remains a priority in the tourism sector and the broader economy generally (Ashley et al., 2000). This is built from the realization that community based tourism products and sector tourism, such as eco-tourism and nature tourism are ineffective as an overall strategy towards attaining poverty reduction objectives (Sheyvens, 2007). Sustainability in Developing Countries: The Intersection The United Nations World Tourism Organisation (UNWTO) has identified both poverty reduction along with climate change as challenges to the global tourism industry, whereby a commitment is needed to ensure balanced and equitable policies in order to address the identified issues (Ashley Roe, 2002; WTO, 2002). The intersection between the focus on climate change and poverty reduction in creating a sustainable tourism industry in developing countries is arguably two sides of the same coin. Participation in PPT has a number of important consequences for developing countries, such as human and financial capital, social capital and organizational strength, gender participation, a positive effect on livelihood strategies and aspirations, impact on the location itself, land ownership and tenure, planning gain, regulation and access to the tourism market (Ashley et al., 2000). One can argue that the extensive impacts of PPT will have the effect of improving the tourism sector in the developing country as a whole. In theory, this has the potential to create a self-enforcing cycle of development, whereby the improved facilities and characteristics of the location, with the improved support services and products will have the effect of diversifying the tourism industry. This in turn has the potential to attract further tourism capital and investment. This positive association with poverty reduction strategies includes the outcomes of sustainability that are intentioned with reg ards to climate change objectives. The creation of a sustainable tourism sector in a developing country therefore through the implementation of poverty reduction strategies has been noted for the overall improvement which it provides for the country, creating not only sustainability in the tourism industry of the country itself, but also in the overall sustainable development of the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s economy (Cabezes, 2008). In the context of the Dominican Republic, it was noted that the use of these strategies had a positive effect on the political and financial stability of the country, as well as the inclusion of poor members of society in the markets (ibid). Higgins-Desbiolles (2006) similarly notes the transformative capacity that tourism focused on poverty reduction has on the social and economic standing of a developing country. Conclusion It is clear therefore that the creation of a sustainable tourism industry in a developing country is one which requires consideration of a number of complex social, economic and political factors. It requires an understanding of the relationship between the various stakeholders in the tourism industry in the country itself. It stands to reason that focus on climate change objectives are not precluded by a shift in focus towards poverty reduction, as the literature indicates that a byproduct of this focus is necessarily that the nature and eco-tourism of the country will be positively affected as this invariably forms a part of the tourism resources of that country. Becken and Hay (2007) note the role that the natural environment of a country plays as an essential part of the product offering of the country and as such, the implementation of policies aimed at inclusion of poor members of society may have the impact of improving this resource. Arguably however, this is not necessarily a natural consequence of PPT and the implementation of poverty reduction strategies will necessitate the inclusion of climate change objectives to ensure that the exploitation of these natural resources is managed in a sustainable manner. The end result of the implementation of these strategies is an overall betterment of the poor members of society and to the extent that climate change objectives are not inclusive of an essential partnership in the creation of sustainability, these objectives will fail. The clear advantage that PPT has in creating a sustainable tourism sector lies in the fact that it includes all relevant stakeholders in the tourism industry, as well as speculating for meaningful methods of enforcing these objectives. In so doing, it allows for the creation of sustainability through transforming local economies, creating employment opportunities, bettering the overall standing of members of the local community, exploiting natural resources in a sustainable manner ( therefore achieving climate change objectives) and offering measures of accountability to ensure that these objectives are in the forefront of policy consideration. References Aall, C. Hoyer, K. (2007) Tourism and Climate Change Adaptation. In Hall, C. Higham, J. (eds) Tourism, Recreation and Climate Change. Clevedan: Cromwell Press. Ashley, C and Roe, D (2002) Making Tourism Work for the Poor: Strategies and Challenges in S. Africa. Development Southern Africa 19 (1) 61-82. Ashley, C., Boyd, C. Goodwin, H. (2000) Pro Poor Tourism: Putting Poverty at the heart of the tourism agenda. Natural Resource Perspectives, 51. Department for International Development Becken, S and Hay, J (2007) Tourism and Climate Change. Channel View Cabeza, A (2008) Tropical Blues: Tourism and Social Exclusion in the Dominican Republic. Latin American Perspectives 35 pp.21-36 Cleverdon, R and Kalisch, A (2000) Fair Trade in Tourism.International Journal of Tourism Research 2 pp.171-187 Goodwin, H and Roe, A (2001) Tourism, Livelihoods and Protected Areas.Ã Int Journal of Tourism Research 3 pp.377-391 Hall, CM and Higham, J (2005) Tourism, Recreation and Climate Change. Channel View Hall, M. (2007) Pro-Poor Tourism: Do Ã¢â¬ËTourism Exchanges Benefit Primarily the Countries of the SouthÃ¢â¬â¢? Current Issues in Tourism, 10(2-3), pp. 111-118 Hall, C. Higham, J. (2007) Tourism, Recreation and Climate Change. Clevedan: Cromwell Press. Higgins-Desbiolles, F (2006) More than an Ã¢â¬ËÃ¢â¬ËindustryÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬â¢: The forgotten power of tourism as a social force. Tourism Management 27 pp.1192Ã¢â¬â1208. Manyara, G. Jones, E. (2007) Community-based Tourism Enterprises Development in Kenya: An Exploration of Their Potential as Avenues of Poverty Reduction. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 15(6), pp. 628 Ã¢â¬â 644. McKercher, B., Prideaux, B., Ã Cheung, C. Law, R. (2010) Achieving voluntary reductions in the carbon footprint of tourism and climate change. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 18(3), pp. 297-317 Mvula, C. (2001) Fair Trade in Tourism to Protected Areas Ã¢â¬â A micro case study of wildlife tourism to South Luangwa National Park Zambia. International Journal of Tourism Research, 3, pp. 393 405 Scott, D. (2011) Why sustainable tourism must address climate change. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 19(1), pp. 17-34 Scheyvens, R (2011) Tourism and Poverty, London: Routledge Scheyvens ,R. (2007) Exploring the Tourism-Poverty Nexus. Current Issues in Tourism, 10(2-3), pp. 231-254 Weaver, D (2010) Can Sustainable Tourism Survive Climate Change? Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 19(1), 5-15 World Tourism Organization (WTO) (2002) Tourism and Poverty Reduction. Madrid:WTO
Tuesday, March 3, 2020
Tentative and Tenterhooks Tentative and Tenterhooks Tentative and Tenterhooks By Maeve Maddox The other day I listened to a radio interview in which the subject continually pronounced the word tentative without one of its ts. Tentative has three ts: ten-ta-tive (not ten-a-tive). Another t word that often has its medial t messed with is tenterhook. Its an old word derived from cloth-making, but it remains current in the expression to be on tenterhooks, i.e., to be in a state of painful suspense. Ive heard people say tenderhooks. Tentative derives from Latin tentatus, a form of the verb tentare, to feel, to try. Its another form of temptare, to feel, to try, to test. which gives us the English word temptation. A tenter was a wooden framework for stretching cloth. It derives from Latin tentus, stretched. A tenter hook held the cloth on the tenter. Some will argue that these pronunciations are merely differences of region or dialect. Whatever the cause, pronouncing them that way leads to misspelling them and misspelled words damage the writers credibility. Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Keep learning! Browse the Spelling category, check our popular posts, or choose a related post below:Using "a" and "an" Before WordsStory Writing 10110 Varieties of Syntax to Improve Your Writing
Saturday, February 15, 2020
Roles of a Global Manager - Essay Example According to the Soviet-Belgian joint venture agreement, Wane Machines was supposed to send three experienced executives for the key managerial positions -Ã¢â¬â to serve as Rus WayneÃ¢â¬â¢s deputy general manager, manufacturing manager, and financial manager for the first two or three years. After that, the Russians would take over the positions. The major objectives of this policy were to provide "assistance in technology and management skills transfer, management systems and processes development, and local personnel coaching." While the obstacles and the issues that came up in staffing were basically due to cultural differences, not all the issues arising out of culture difference would be handled here. This report focuses on the inefficiencies in cross-cultural communication that impacted the smooth functioning of this joint venture. The Soviet law insists that local managers should be in charge as they are most knowledgeable and capable of handling local situations although they do not insist that Soviet citizens should hold the senior-most position. Local nationals were taken in the positions of sales and service managers and human resources manager from the beginning as the knowledge of local and employment practices helps in overcoming these obstacles. These decisions were not implemented. The general manager could not send the three expatriates to Russia as per agreement nor was an HR manager appointed on schedule. The general manager wanted to play the role of HR manager as well. The deputy general manager, an American, sent to Russia had no experience of working in Russia but accepted the job because of career move. The manufacturing manager was from France and his interest in Russia was purely career development. The financial manager, an Englishman sent to Russia had merely 2 years of experience at Wane and hence they provided him training for 6 months before sending him to Russia.Ã
Sunday, February 2, 2020
Mencius On Human Nature - Essay Example To account for how some people develop bad character in life despite having been born with the disposition to do good, Mencius argued that, just as water can be manipulated and forced to flow against the low ground, it is also possible to manipulate human nature to be bad. Mencius gave the following explanation to show that human nature is naturally good.Mencius argued that human beings are born with the virtue of benevolence (heart of compassion/feeling for others), virtue of Righteousness (the feeling of disdain), the virtue of propriety (feeling of respect for others), and lastly the virtue of wisdom (the heart of right and wrong). To demonstrate what he means by claiming that human beings are born with these four virtues, Mencius gave the following example to show that every human person is born with the virtue of benevolence.In this example, Mencius argued that if people saw a child about to fall into a well, they would all, without exception, instantaneously have a feeling of s orrow and fear. Mencius concluded that this fact shows that all human beings are born with the virtue of benevolence or the ability to feel compassion for other people. Another example that can be given to show that human beings are born with some virtues is how people, all over the world, are opposed to some immoral actions.For instance, people all over the world, irrespective of their cultural, religious, political, or educational backgrounds oppose some unethical practices like corruption and murder of innocent people.
Saturday, January 25, 2020
From the beginning, Beloved focuses on the import of memory and history. Sethe struggles daily with the haunting legacy of slavery, in the form of her threatening memories and also in the form of her daughterÃ¢â¬â¢s aggressive ghost. For Sethe, the present is mostly a struggle to beat back the past, because the memories of her daughterÃ¢â¬â¢s death and the experiences at Sweet Home are too painful for her to recall consciously. But SetheÃ¢â¬â¢s repression is problematic, because the absence of history and memory inhibits the construction of a stable identity. Even SetheÃ¢â¬â¢s hard-won freedom is threatened by her inability to confront her prior life. Paul DÃ¢â¬â¢s arrival gives Sethe the opportunity and the impetus to finally come to terms with her painful life history. Already in the first chapter, the reader begins to gain a sense of the horrors that have taken place. Like the ghost, the address of the house is a stubborn reminder of its history. The characters refer to the house by its number, 124. These digits highlight the absence of SetheÃ¢â¬â¢s murdered third child. As an institution, slavery shattered its victimsÃ¢â¬â¢ traditional family structures, or else precluded such structures from ever forming. Slaves were thus deprived of the foundations of any identity apart from their role as servants. Baby Suggs is a woman who never had the chance to be a real mother, daughter, or sister. Later, we learn that neither Sethe nor Paul D knew their parents, and the relatively long, six-year marriage of Halle and Sethe is an anomaly in an institution that would regularly redistribute men and women to different farms as their owners deemed necessary. The scars on SetheÃ¢â¬â¢s back serve as another testament to her disfiguring and dehumanizing years as a slave. Like the ghost, the scars also work as a metaphor for the way that past tragedies affect us psychologically, Ã¢â¬Å"hauntingÃ¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"scarringÃ¢â¬ us for life. More specifically, the tree shape formed by the scars might symbolize SetheÃ¢â¬â¢s incomplete family tree. It could also symbolize the burden of existence itself, through an allusion to the Ã¢â¬Å"tree of knowledgeÃ¢â¬ from which Adam and Eve ate, initiating their mortality and suffering. SetheÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"treeÃ¢â¬ may also offer insight into the empowering abilities of interpretation. In the same way that the white men are able to justify and increase their power over the slaves by Ã¢â¬Å"studyingÃ¢â¬ and interpreting them according to their own whims, AmyÃ¢â¬â¢s interpretation of SetheÃ¢â¬â¢s mass of ugly scars as a Ã¢â¬Å"chokecherry treeÃ¢â¬ transforms a story of pain and oppres sion into one of survival.
Friday, January 17, 2020
Worthy principle respected teacher and my dear fellow student a.s.a. I am Alizeh Eman from class 9 girls. Today we all have gathered here to bid the matric class of our school our farewell. This academic year is about to come to an end. We all might say that we donÃ¢â¬â¢t like school or we want to get out of it as soon as we can but when it all really comes to an end we know we will really miss it.And I bet that all the matric class students understand this perfectly well since its really the end of school for them now. They have really gone through it all and will soon enter their pratical lives. I would like to take this opportunity to sincerely thank the matric class on behalf of my whole class. This batch of the matric class shall never be forgotten. They have really been ideal seniors for us. They have correctedus when we went wrong and have patted out backs on our achievements. They have not only been great seniors but they have also been great students. The have certainly studid as hard as they could and have made their teachers proud and have inspired us to do the same. They have guided not only us but the other juniors as well and have always tried to give in your best to lead us to the right path. Our matric class is now at a very important stage of life. This is where a new life begins for you. It gives great sorrow to do this, but we have to bid you our goodbyes. As you step forward into this new phase of your life, we hope for you to get the very best in life. We hope from God to keep you under his protection and bless you with a great future. We hope you remember us through the years of life Personally, and on the behalf of Class 9, Our teachers and respected principle, I wish you all the best in your says ahead.